Übersetzungen für hold-up im Englisch» Deutsch-Wörterbuch von PONS Online: hold up, how is she holding up under all the pressure?, sales held up well last. Deutsche Übersetzung von "hold up" | Der offizielle Collins Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch online. Über Deutsche Übersetzungen von Englische. Übersetzung im Kontext von „What's the hold-up“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: I just want to get it done. What's the hold-up?. Can any BE or other Engl… 14 Pp casino to botch sth. Aufrechterhaltung f der Spannung durch eine USV. Da gibt's Vieh zu stehlen und Züge zu überfallen. Padwar, what's the hold-up? Vermissen Sie ein Stichwort, eine Wendung oder eine Übersetzung? To top new online casinos again; resume: You need to deal in information that can hold up. In den möblierten Apartments finden jeweils bis zu 4 Personen Platz. Der kann sich gar nicht halten. Registrieren Sie sich für weitere Beispiele sehen Registrieren Einloggen. We are using the following form field to detect spammers. Davidhold up! Can hold up deutsch BE or other Engl…. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Union keller to hold one's head up high fig. Mein Livestream barca real Meine Favoriten. Was dauert das da so lange? Beispiele für die Übersetzung hoch halten ansehen 2 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen.
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The hold-up problem leads to severe economic cost and might also lead to underinvestment. It is often argued that the possibility of a hold-up can lead to underinvestment in relation-specific investment and thus inefficiency.
Underinvestment occurs because investors cannot guarantee themselves a sufficient share of the return through ex post bargaining.
The bargaining process can be seen as a game with multiple equilibria. Underinvestment may occur only when the agent fails to coordinate on an efficient equilibrium.
When the two parties could agree on a binding contract covering the whole period of the investment and anticipating all possible outcomes and providing protection for both parties in every situation that may arise at the time the investment is made, the parties would have enough confidence to make the investment, and both parties could enjoy high profits.
Then, it can be assumed that there are no wealth constraints and there is no private information. According to the Coase theorem , voluntary bargaining results in trade whenever it is efficient.
The initial contract can cover only short-term situations; eventually, renegotiation is needed, which provides an opportunity for e.
S to hold up B. As S knows that the investment is a significant cost to B and tries to use this as leverage to negotiate an increase in its prices.
In that case, S has more bargaining power, compared to B, and tries to use it to its own advantage. The source of power lies in the investment of B.
For B it is hard to find out whether or not the raise in prices is reasonable. In an extreme case, S could demand percent of the profits if the only alternative to B is to lose the entire initial investment.
Even if the outcome would be Pareto efficient , B might not accept the agreement. If the renegotiations turn out to be unsuccessful both parties are worse off: B has made an investment that goes to waste, and S lost a customer.
Inefficiency is caused by the hold-up problem when B is reluctant to make the investment ex ante from the fear that S uses its extra bargaining power to its own advantage.
A historic example concerns the US car industry, but the example is sharply disputed by Coase In , a sharp increase in demand occurred that was above expectations.
It is claimed that Fisher Body used the unforeseen situation to hold up GM by increasing the price for the additional parts produced.
It has been said that the hold up led to GM acquiring Fisher Body in During transition out of South African apartheid , many white elites feared that democratization would result in tyranny of the majority.
Now that fair elections were held, many wealthy whites feared that the longtime poor blacks or their elected representatives would expropriate wealth from the white minority.
For this reason there was white resistance against democratic and fair elections. To have in store: To have as a responsible position or a privilege: To have in recognition of achievement or superiority: To maintain control over: Thieves held the stolen painting for ransom.
To maintain occupation of by force or coercion: Protesters held the embassy for a week. To withstand the efforts or advance of an opposing team, for example.
To maintain in a given condition, situation, or action: The storyteller held the crowd spellbound. To impose control or restraint on; curb: She held her temper.
To stop the movement or progress of: To reserve or keep back from use: Please hold two tickets for us. Hold the relish on that hamburger.
To defer the immediate handling of: The receptionist held all calls during the meeting. To be in possession of, whether legally entitled or not: To adjudge or decree: The court held that the defendant was at fault.
To make accountable; obligate: He held me to my promise. To keep in the mind or convey as a judgment, conviction, or point of view: To assert or affirm, especially formally: This doctrine holds that people are inherently good.
To regard in a certain way: I hold you in high esteem. To cause to take place; carry on: To assemble for and conduct the activity of; convene: To carry or support the body or a bodily part in a certain position: Can the baby hold herself up yet?
Hold up your leg. To cover the ears or the nose, for example especially for protection: To maintain a grasp or grip on something. To stay securely fastened: To maintain a desired or accustomed position or condition: To withstand stress, pressure, or opposition: We held firm on the negotiations.
To continue in the same direction: The ship held to an easterly course. To be valid, applicable, or true: The observation still holds in cases like this.
The suspect was holding. The act or a means of grasping. A manner of grasping an opponent, as in wrestling or aikido: A control or adjustor on a television that keeps the screen image in proper position: A telephone service that allows one to temporarily interrupt a call without severing the connection.
A bond or force that attaches or restrains, or by which something is affected or dominated: The sustaining of a note longer than its indicated time value.
A direction or indication that something is to be reserved or deferred. Lass dich nicht unterkriegen! Does your offer still hold Steht das Angebot noch , dass Wann fangen eure Ferien an?
Bleiben Sie am Apparat! Aus dem Umfeld der Suche exhibit , Hang , uphold , keep , persevere , have , possess , sustain , bear anmutig , zierlich.
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